Idealism, Realism, Naturalism, Pragmatism, Existentialism, Rationalism, Humanism, Positivism, Vedanda, Buddhism, Jainism, Islamic traditions with special reference to the concepts of reality, knowledge and value - their educational implications.
Values as enshrined in the Indian Constitution & their educational implications.
Sociology and Education – Education - a Social sub-system – Education – an instrument of Social Change – Social Stratification & Social Mobility – Equalisation of Educational Opportunities in India – Constraints & Solutions – Impact of Globalisation and Liberalisation in Indian Education – Education for World Citizenship – Human Rights Education.
Learning Theories – Guthrie, Hull, Lewin, Tollman, Piaget, Bruner, Gagne and Ausubel – Motivation Theories – Adler, Maslow and McGlelland – Intelligence – Theories and Measurement – Personality Measurement Techniques.
Measurement – Concepts, Assumptions and Limitations – Evaluation – Formative, Summative, Illuminative, Goal-based, Goal-free – Intrinsic and Extrinsic.
Tests – Norm-referenced and Criterion-referenced – Construction and Standardisation – Reliability - Split-half, Test-retest, Parallel Form and Rational Equivalence – Validity – Construct, Criterion, Predictive, Concurrent and Factorial. Norms – Standard Scores, Age Norm, Grade Norm and Percentiles.
Educational Research - Criteria and Sources for identification of Problem.
Methods of research – Historical, Normative, Experimental, Case-study, Follow-up and Trend.
Designs – Exploratory, Explanatory, Causal – comparative and Descriptive.
Techniques – Survey, Interview, Observation and Sociometry.
Tools – Questionnaire, Inventory, Check-list, Score Card, Scale and Schedule.
Proposal – Steps and designing
Sampling – different methods
Descriptive & Inferential Statistics
Parametric and non-parametric.
Measures of Central Tendency & Dispersion..
Correlation – Rank & Product moment.
Regression, Prediction & Equations
Hypothesis Testing – t-test between Means and Percentages & Chi-square Test
Educational Technology. - meaning and scope: Media technology, System technology, Concept technology and Artificial Intelligence.
Media Attributes – Sensory Modality, Symbol System, Design Cues & Codes, Locus of Control and Interactive Features.
Ware Approach – Hardware, Software, Useware, Heartware, Underware & Courseware. Individualised Instruction – PLM & CAI.
Curriculum – Varied connotations –Foundations and Determinants
Curricular Models – Kerr, Johnson, McDonald, Zia & Taba.
Curricular Designs – Subject–centred, Learner-centred, Activity-centred, Problem-centred – Fused curriculum.
Curricular Organisation – Concentric, Spiral, Logical, Psychological, Correlated development of subjects & ABC of Curriculum.
Management – Definition, concept, nature & universality of management. Management and Administration
Functions of Management - POSD CORB
Theories of Management – X, Y & Z
Kinds of Management – MBO, OBM, Participatory & Crisis.
Educational Planning – Nature and need.
Kinds of Planning - Institutional, Perspective, Sector & Annual
Types of Planning - Downward and Upward.
Guidance and Counselling – Concept, definitions and need.
Kinds of guidance – Personal, Familial, Academic and Vocational.
Types – Group and Individual
Importance of Aptitude test in Academic and Vocational guidance
Mental Health & Defence Mechanisms.
Teaching – Meaning, relationship with Education and Instruction.
Teaching levels – Memory, Understanding & Reflective.
Models of teaching –Glaser and Stolurow’s. Instruction Designing Resource unit and Lesson plan.
Teaching skills – Micro-teaching – Skill practice, link practice & macro teaching.
Flanter’s Interaction Analysis & Category System.
Information Communication Technology in Teacher Education.
Mentally challenged – Categories and educational programmes
Visually challenged – Partial and total - Programmes
Hearing impaired – Degree of impairment and programmes
Orthopaedically crippled – Types, characteristics and programmes Inclusive Education.